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Large-loss fires in the United States

Report: NFPA's "Large-Loss Fires in the United States" (PDF)
AuthorStephen G. Badger
Issued: November 2016

Report highlights

  • In 2015, 27 large-loss fires resulted in a total of $2.5 billion in direct property losses (0.002 percent of the estimated number of fires in 2015, but 18 percent of the total estimated dollar loss).
  • The largest fire in terms of direct property loss was the Valley fire in California with a loss of $1.5 billion, making 2015 the ninth out of the past 10 years that had a wildfire as the largest-loss fire of the year.
  • A second wildland fire, the Butte fire, accounted for another $450 million in direct property losses.
  • In all, there were 20 structure fires, five wildland urban interface fires, and two aircraft fires.
Related information

Large Loss fires by major property use - 2015

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